Sudden onset of cold or flu is very common. Colds or flu can be easily cured just as people can suffer for very few reasons.

There are several common symptoms of a cold or flu that are similar in children and adults.

  • Nasal congestion, runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Pain in the muscles
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Feeling pressure in the ears and mouth
  • Decreased sense of taste and smell


Why is the common a cold?

Colds are one of the most common diseases in the world. “It is normal for an adult to have a cold 4 to 6 times a year and a child 10 to 12 times a year,” said Afroza Akhtar, a senior manager and physician at the pharmaceutical. In other words, you are more likely to have a cold more than 200 times in your lifetime.


The cause of this cold or flu is a viral infection.


At one time it was thought that the common cold was caused by a virus belonging to a particular tribe. However, in the ’80s, scientists confirmed that a total of seven strains of the virus caused colds.


These viruses are more likely to become infected during the cold season or winter, so the colds are more likely to spread during the winter and people are more likely to catch colds during the winter.


Infected germs enter the nostrils through the mucous lining while the flu is infected. This causes an extra cold to accumulate inside the nostrils, which is called ‘rhinorrhea’.


Seasonal cold


When the weather changes, many people get colds and flu. A stream of water flows through the nose. Scream! Many people have a sore throat, cough, fever, body aches, headache, watery eyes, and body heat. Fatigue is also the end.


Gradually the mucus may become yellow, green — different colors. Less fever. But it maybe more. We call it the common cold. Seasonal illness. Doctors know more than two hundred types of the cold virus behind this. The two most common viruses are rhinovirus and coronavirus. The same can be said of the symptoms of various kisses. Attacks on the trachea are more common in the nose and throat.


A seemingly harmless disease, but a bacterial infection can also infect the lower part of the airways and the lungs. Children and the elderly need to be more careful if they get such a cold. Sudden onset of pneumonia. Symptoms appear after one to three days of catching the cold virus.


The disease is also contagious. The infection also spreads directly. If you sneeze or cough, it gets into the air, the droplets become infected, and if someone else inhales that air, they become infected. Many times the infection spreads indirectly, if someone sneezes, he wipes the sneeze with his hand and touches the door handle, then someone else opens the door with that handle, puts that hand in his mouth or eyes, and spreads the infection. Sneezing can also spread the infection by rubbing hands with others.


It becomes contagious two to three days before the onset of symptoms and lasts until the symptoms go away, so the duration can be one to two weeks.


Seasonal colds are not a serious illness. It just gets better. As the saying goes, if you feel cold, take medicine for a week, and if you don’t take it for seven days, then it is better. True, this can be bypassed-but not unless you’re a techie who knows what he’s doing. I will tell you later when you should see a doctor. There are eternal rules to deal with it, which are quite comfortable; it is very important to relieve the symptoms of such diseases.


Does your baby often suffer from flu or colds?


Many parents do not understand why their newborn baby is suffering from fever or cold again and again! It is normal for a newborn baby to have some problems at first. The temperature of the mother’s womb, the outside temperature with the environment, the environment is completely different.


It takes some time to adapt to a whole new environment. And to adapt to this, the child has to read various problems. And the manifestation of this problem is the illness of the child. Colds, fevers, flu are always terrible in newborns. Slightly cold, cough can cause pneumonia. Which can also cause the death of the baby.


Children up to the age of five-catch a cold. Especially during the change of seasons.


Some common causes of flu in children


  • Children can also be infected if someone in the family gets cold due to a virus.


  • Children can also catch a cold due to environmental reasons. One of the reasons is the smoke and dust of city cars.


  • In the house where smoking is done, the side effects of the smoke may affect your darling sweetheart.


  • Babies who have not breastfed or are suffering from malnutrition are more prone to catch a cold, fever, and flu.


  • Excessive cold environment AC, stay under the fan because the baby may have a cold, flu.


  • If you put extra clothes on again, sweating may cause fever. Excessive cold or hot environments are harmful to the baby.


  • What to do if a small child has a fever or a cold or a cough? Run to the doctor, right? It is not always time to go to the doctor, then what to do? Several home remedies can help reduce a child’s fever.


1. Give the baby a rest


Vaccination can often cause a child to have a fever. Rest the baby in this case. Do not place too many clothes on the baby. Put on a little cloth. If more clothes are worn, the child’s fever may increase due to sweating.


2. Drink breast milk


If the baby is less than six months old, breastfeed repeatedly. And if the age is more than six months, then a small amount of water, liquid, and soft food can be fed repeatedly.


3. Steam air


The hot steam helps to get rid of cold and phlegm in the baby’s chest. Nebulizers are used in newborns. If there is no nebulizer in the house, you can bathe the baby in lukewarm water. Or you can wipe the baby’s body with a cloth soaked in lukewarm water. Do this several times. After a while, the fever will go down a lot.


4. Drink soup


If the baby is more than six months old, you can give soup to the baby. Soup can be made with digestible vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, onions, ginger. This will clear the baby’s internal infection as well as fill the baby’s stomach. You can also give ginger mint tea to the baby. Do not forget to mix two drops of pure honey with it. It will act as a natural antimicrobial.


5. Nose clean


The nose is closed with a cold. Then the baby has trouble breathing. So it is necessary to keep the nose clean. A type of dropper is available in the store to clear the runny nose. If you do not want to use it, you can use saline instead. Put a little saline in a dropper and put it in the baby’s nose. You will see that after a while the runny nose is coming out. Clean it with a cotton bud.


6. Wear loose clothing


Do not dress the baby too much during fever. Loosen the baby’s clothes. Less clothing will not only increase your baby’s temperature but will also help lower the temperature. If it gets cold, wrap it in a blanket.


7. Put it under the fan


Many parents keep their baby’s fever away from the fan. But the fan helps to lower the baby’s body temperature. But yes, don’t keep the baby under the fan for too long. Do not keep the fan off in the baby’s room. Leave the fan on low speed and place the baby under the fan.


Prolonged exposure to wet urine can increase the risk of colds in children, so check to see if the baby has been urinating for a while. When going out, be sure to use diapers that are highly absorbent and comfortable for the baby. Even if it is not possible to take care of the baby at home, it is better to use diapers.


If the child has a fever or flu, never smoke on his lap, not even in front of the child. Cooking fumes also damage his airways. So open the kitchen window or turn on the exhaust fan while cooking. And refrain from cooking with the baby on your lap. Those who suffer from colds themselves should refrain from taking and caressing the baby. If possible, give the child antidote for pneumonia.




The cold should not spread


A person with a cold can spread the disease to others a few days before the onset of cold or flu symptoms. Here are some steps you can take to begin the process of preparation for mediation.

  • Wash hands with hot water and soap


  • Do not share towels or household items (such as cups, plates) with a person with a cold.


  • Hands should be washed regularly and properly, especially after touching the nose and mouth and after handling food.


  • Sneezing and coughing should be given to the tissues — so that the viral droplets do not get into the air from the nose and mouth and do not spread among others that tissue must be discarded.
  • Disposable paper towels should be used.


  • Do not touch your eyes or nose after coming in contact with a cold.



How to get free of a cold fast


Anyone can get a cold or flu for very little reason. People usually get better within a few days. However, doctors say that it is possible to cure colds faster than usual in a few ways.


Sleep or rest


Sleep enhances human immunity. Therefore, it is possible to get a quick cure by taking rest or sleeping more during cold or flu.


Stay in a warm environment


Staying in a warm environment or wearing warm clothes during a cold increase the immunity.


Drink plenty of fluids


Preventing dehydration by drinking plenty of water or fruit juice can cure colds quickly.


Take care of the throat

A common symptom of a cold is a sore throat. Gargling with salt water or making a light hot drink with lemon and honey can relieve a sore throat quickly.



The difference between influenza and colds


It is often impossible to distinguish between the two diseases because the flu and the common cold have the same symptoms.


That’s why the U.S. Department of Health’s website, the Center for Disease Control, recommends having a flu test once a year.


Also, various studies have been said to follow different rules to ensure that colds do not occur.


It is normal for children to get cold 10 to 12 times a year



How to survive a cold


Sweet potatoes, beetroot, some special types of pumpkin contain a lot of beta-carotene which our body converts into vitamin A. Vitamin A strengthens the mucosal lining of our nose and lungs which protects the snakes and lungs from infection.

Besides, red fruits including orange, mango, and watermelon do the same thing.

Besides, there are enough onions and garlic in the diet to reduce the chances of infection with viruses and bacteria. Onions and garlic contain a type of oil that protects the body from viral and bacterial infections.


Besides, the role of vitamin C in the prevention of colds or flu has been proven long ago. It has been proven that people living in cold climates can survive from colds or flu by taking high levels of vitamin C.


Adequate intake of vitamin D through sunlight or any other source also helps to protect the body from cold.


Vitamin C was the most common treatment for respiratory infections in the 1930s. It became even more popular in the seventies when Nobel laureate Linus Polling conducted research showing that vitamin C was much more effective in relieving colds.


A recent study by the Cochrane Group found that the role of vitamin C in relieving colds is not very great. It is not harmful to the body and excess vitamin C is excreted in the urine.


However, zinc can be harmful if the levels are exceeded. So in that case it is better to follow the advice of the doctor.



10 foods that should be eaten in case of fever


The rainy season means fever. Many people can’t eat properly if they have a fever, but these 10 foods should be eaten at this time to increase the body’s resistance against the virus. [1]

1) Fruit juice


In the case of fever, the body needs a lot of vitamin C. If you can eat musubi juice or orange juice twice a day, it is very good.


2) Chicken soup


This food is very delicious when you have a fever. If the vegetables are also given in the chicken soup, the nutritional value is increased and the body is provided with a lot of antioxidants. These protein-rich foods help in tissue formation and help the body to recover.


3) Probiotic food


Probiotics are good bacteria that nest in the body and protect the body from other viruses. Any probiotic drink can be taken in consultation with the doctor. Yogurt or buttermilk is also a probiotic food.


4) Soft diet


Any soft food like vegetables, pastries, boiled eggs, etc. is easy to digest. Those who do not like to eat rice chute can eat these foods. They are also rich in nutrients.


5) Boiled rice with ginger


Not too delicate but quite beneficial for the body in case of flu. It is better to have a sore throat and a small fan.


6) Fresh fruit


Many people think that eating sour fruits increases fever. Wrong idea. Apples, oranges, grapes, pineapples, etc. contain vitamin C and vitamin A. So you should eat more fruit salad during fever.


7) Ginger


Like ginger, garlic is also very effective in curing colds. Boil a Koya in a cup of water and boil it in lukewarm water twice a day to help reduce fever.


8) Raisins


It is good to eat one or two raisins from time to time during fever because it has a lot of antioxidants. Moreover, this dry fruit provides energy to the body.


9) Basil leaves


Fresh Tulsi-honey is known to prevent cold and cough. If you have a fever, chewing a leaf or two will help.


10) Oregano


It is a Mediterranean herb that is primarily served in cooking. It is better to eat in case of cold, flu, etc.


Foods that should be avoided in cold or flu


Even with regular medication, it is not possible to cure a cold or flu in many cases. A lot of the reason is responsible for your daily diet. [2]


All aspects of our body, ie health, depend on our daily diet. Many foods should be avoided during various illnesses. We need to avoid certain foods like cold or fever.


Otherwise, those foods can make the flu from our cold worse. Let’s find out which foods to avoid in the cold or flu.



* Sweet national food


White blood cells protect our bodies from infection. Sweet foods weaken these white blood cells. As a result, immunity is reduced and inflammation occurs. So if you have a cold or flu, it is better to eat less or avoid sweet foods. In that case, even if you add extra sugar to the fruit juice, it is bad for your cold.


* Refined sugars


Thinking of eating butter toast or a bowl of pasta when it’s cold. Don’t forget to eat. Remember that refined sugars such as toast, biscuits contain the same amount of sugar as drinks or snacks. So it can also cause your inflammation. So avoid refined sugars if you have a cold or flu.


* Alcohol

Alcohol, like sugary or sweet foods, also causes inflammation, which weakens white blood cells. It creates dehydration in the body. Dehydration is also bad for the muscles. So it is better to avoid alcohol in cold or flu.


* Extra spicy food


Excessive spicy food is not good for our bodies. And not in a cold state. Especially salty or spicy food. Many people like to eat spicy food when they get cold but these foods can make your stomach sicker.

* Citrus fruits


We think it is a rule to drink orange juice whenever it gets cold. And I eat it several times a day. Because it covers a lot of vitamin C. However, it is not right to eat more citrus fruits i.e. oranges, grapes, lemons. The cold may not decrease but may increase. And if you add extra sugar to it, it will be worse for your body.



* Fatty foods


Oily or fatty foods can cause inflammation. It also causes more digestive problems than other sugars or proteins. So it is better to avoid such foods when it is cold. Because if your stomach is sick then how will your body prevent other diseases.



* Candy

Sugar-free candy is available nowadays. But even those are not good for your body or teeth. Candy or gum contains a substance called sorbitol which is one of the causes of diarrhea. Diarrhea causes dehydration in the body. So if you want to avoid diarrhea in case of a cold, stop eating candy or gum.




When to consult a doctor?


Dr. Afroza Akhtar said that colds usually go away in a few days but if you have a cold for a long time, you should consult a doctor. [3]


“If you have a cold for more than ten days in a ruckus or a high fever with a cold for more than five days in a row, you should refer a doctor.”


In the case of children, Ms. Akhtar advised not to wait for seven days to consult a doctor. He thinks that children should seek medical help if they have a cold for more than three days.


Mize commented that if you have breathing problems or chest pain during a cold, you should consult a doctor immediately. Akhtar.


Besides, in case of sudden onset of cold, diabetes, heart disease, kidney or lung disease, a doctor should be consulted immediately.


Paracetamol or ibuprofen?

Both are effective. Even Paracetamol and ibuprofen can be used together if necessary to understand the symptoms.

However, you must refrain from taking excessive amounts of drugs. And ibuprofen should be taken on a full stomach.

Homeopathy medicine

Disease Medicine & Power Source
Cold, Catarrh Aconite 30

Gelsemium 30

Ars-Alb 30

AlliUm 30







Q: Fever is a symptom. However, there are different types of fever, there are different types. Fever can also be caused by a very common cold. What are the common types of fever?


Answer: You have said a valuable thing, fever is not the name of any disease. Fever is a symptom of a disease. We divide fever in this way, fever for a short time. Again long-term fever. It is better to treat some fevers. It is better not to treat some fever. Short-term fevers that have, for example, viral fever, which we call the flu or influenza. And the long-term or moderate fevers are malaria, typhoid, tuberculosis, kala-azar. In addition to pneumonia, urinary tract infections in girls, these can be short-term, long-term. Again some have a fever that can be recurrent.

Q: For whatever reason, such a fever is real, what should a person do before going to a doctor in the early stages of fever? And what kind of symptoms he must see a doctor. Or someone has a fever, he took treatment. Then the fever suddenly increased, then what to do? – Too many questions at once…


Answer: First we have to see what is the main cause of fever? The main cause of fever in our country is influenza, flu. If due to seasonal differences. If it is accompanied by a runny nose, runny nose, burning eyes, runny nose, headache, and fever for two days, then I usually think of it as flu. However, not all fevers will be the flu. If a patient has a fever in Sylhet, he first thinks of malaria. In Rajshahi or Mymensingh region, fever is considered to mean fever. However, in most cases in Dhaka city, fever, cold, cough, flu – whatever the fever may not be the first three days to see a doctor. It is possible to treat at home. If you have a severe headache, blurred vision, and vomiting when you have a fever, you may need to go to the doctor on the same day. However, a slight fever, headache, and cold – these go to the doctor for the first two or three days.



Q: In that case, can paracetamol be taken initially?


A: I don’t think you need to go to the doctor to take paracetamol. Usually, when you go to the doctor after you have a fever, he will think you are feeling terrible. Physicians also do not take risks. Give you some experiments. You can even ask for hospitalization.


So you have to consider how seriously you take it by looking at the signs or type. You know when there is a fever, there is a shiver in the body. This means the fever is coming. When a fever strikes, the blood vessels in the body constrict. The heat then retains in the body and the fever comes. When cold water is applied to the body, the fever will come with more shivering.


So under no circumstances can cold water be applied to the body. Taped sponging means to sponge the body with lukewarm water. So that the blood vessels can dilate and the fever can go away. Never wipe the body with cold water. It is not right to pour cold water on the head. It does relieve the cough, but it will be difficult to get rid of the cough after the fever.

Q: The cold water that many people use to cover their clothes with a cloth…


Witness: There is no harm in giving water. It can be done. But pouring water on the head for hours on end causes coughing. It is difficult to get rid of that cough easily. It is better to avoid it. If you want to do it can be done for a short time, not more. If an adult takes paracetamol two to four times a day, it should not be a problem.


Q: Many people take antibiotics without consulting a doctor and do not need to complete the full course. Again, someone takes medicine from the doctor or someone else over the telephone. What is your opinion on this?


Answer: It is not right to take antibiotics in this way. Now medicines are much cheaper in our country than abroad. Nowhere do they give antibiotics. Now many people start taking antibiotics on the day of fever. Which is of course negligible. Most viral fevers do not require antibiotics. And if the antibiotic is taken and not done in full, it does not work as well later on. Then it becomes difficult for us to give another antibiotic. Then it becomes difficult to identify the disease.


The doctor, who was busy on the telephone, heard the symptoms and took a long time to prescribe the medicine, then he hurriedly mentioned the name of the medicine. You may eat it. Even if you play again, you may not finish the whole medicine. It is not right to take medicine by telephoning such a busy doctor. However, there are some call centers where they sit and listen to you, where you may ask questions. However, it is not right to take antibiotics after hearing from a relative. It is best to go to the doctor and get treatment.